|Head of State||H.E. Emmerson Mnangagwa|
|Independence Day||18 April 1980|
|Area/Size of country (km²)||390,757|
|Natural resources||asbestos, gold, copper, nickel, tobacco, platinum, chrome|
|Government website link||http://www.zim.gov.zw/|
|Corruption Perception Index||2018x |
Status of signature and ratification of anti-corruption treaties by Zimbabwe
|Treaty||Date of signature||Date of ratification|
|United Nations Convention against Corruption||20 February 2004||8 March 2007|
|SADC Protocol Against Corruption||14 August 2001||8 October 2004|
|African Union Convention on Preventing and Combating Corruption||18 November 2003||17 December 2006|
Anti-Corruption Authorities: Zimbabwe Anti-Corruption Commission (ZACC)
Zimbabwe Anti-Corruption Commission (ZACC)
The Zimbabwe Anti-Corruption Commission (ZACC), is a body that has the constitutional mandate to corruption
872 Betterment Park
TEL: +263 (242) 369602, +263 (242) 369605, +263 (242) 369608, +263 (242) 369614
ACT-SA Focal Point
Anti-Corruption Trust of Southern Africa-Zimbabwe Chapter
16, Second Avenue
National anti-corruption laws
Law: The Constitution of Zimbabwe Amendment (No. 20) Act, 2013
Provides for the creation of the Anti-Corruption Commission in order to combat corruption, and to provide for matters connected with or incidental to the foregoing.
Title: Anti-Corruption Commission Act [Chapter 9:22]
It provides for the establishment of the Anti-Corruption Commission in order to combat corruption, and to provide for matters connected with or incidental to the foregoing.
Title: Public Entities Corporate Governance Act [Chapter 10:31]
To provide for the governance of public entities in compliance with Chapter 9 of the Constitution; to provide a uniform mechanism for regulating the conditions of service of members of public entities and their senior employees; and to provide for matters connected with or incidental to the foregoing.
Title: Money Laundering and Proceeds of Crime Act – Zim LII
The law serves to suppress the abuse of the financial system and enable the unlawful proceeds of all serious crime and terrorist acts to be identified, traced, frozen, seized and eventually confiscated; to repeal the Serious Offences (Confiscation of Profits) Act [Chapter 9:17]; to amend the Criminal Matters (Mutual Assistance) Act [Chapter 9:06], the Bank Use Promotion and Suppression of Money Laundering Act [Chapter 24:24], the Building Societies Act [Chapter 24:02] and the Asset
Management Act [Chapter 24:26]; and to provide for matters connected therewith or incidental thereto.
Title: The Bank Use Promotion and Suppression of Money Laundering Act (Act 2 of 2004)
This was passed to consolidate legislation and regulations that were fragmented to the extent that they negated both the prevention and the enforcement of the anti-money laundering regime. This is why it refers in some sections to the Serious Offences (Confiscation of Profits) Act concerning the implementation of the law.
Title: Exchange Control (Money Transfer Agencies) Order
The Exchange Control (Money Transfer Agencies) Order seeks to regulate the transfer of money from Zimbabweans in the Diaspora. Money transfer agencies effectively took over the role that was played by bureaux de change, which were banned in 2002 on the pretext that they were being used to support illegal foreign currency activities.
Title: Criminal Matters (Mutual Legal Assistance) Act
To date, Zimbabwe has responded to all incoming mutual legal assistance (MLA) requests. Formal requests for MLA are received and processed by the Attorney General’s Office. The majority of requests are received by the institutions directly. The following agencies can receiver equests: ZACC, Zimbabwe Republic Police (through INTERPOL channels), the FIU and the Zimbabwe Revenue Authority
Anti-Corruption Policies, Regulations, Statutory Instruments, Codes of Conduct etc
Policy, Regulation, Statutory Instrument, Code of Conduct etc : National Prosecuting Authority (Code of Ethics) Regulations, 2015
Code of ethics for employees under the National Prosecuting Authority
Policy, Regulation, Statutory Instrument, Code of Conduct etc : Judicial Service (Code of Ethics) Regulations, 2012
To ensure that judicial officers, individually and collectively, respect and honour the judicial office as a public trust and strive to enhance and maintain confidence in the judicial system;
Report: The state of corruption and fraud in the run-up to the July 30, 2018 election in Zimbabwe
Documents cases of electoral corruption and fraud in Zimbabwe
Report: The Curse Of Corruption In Zimbabwe
The report attests to the reality that corruption is very harmful and unacceptable. It is one of the major obstacles to sustainable economic growth and development. Corruption has a negative effect on every sphere of any economy. This is what many people think. We used to think so too! But, guess what? There is sufficient empirical evidence supporting the fact that corruption is not always harmful to the economy. In fact, there are some instances where corruption can be indeed fruitful, though; not, generally acceptable. Debatable, as it sounds; and yet this is the reality.
Although the study neither recommend nor encourage corruption so far, the study still maintains its hyperopic view that corruption is not always harmful to the economy. In fact the research strongly argues that corruption, especially in Zimbabwe; has been and continues to be a blessing in disguise!
Anti-Corruption Good Practices / Best Practices
A best practice or good practice is an anti-corruption method or technique that has been generally accepted as superior to any alternatives because it produces results that are superior to those achieved by other means or because it has become a standard way of doing things. For instance,
|In Zimbabwe, ACT sets up and empowered communities and organised them into Community Anti-Corruption Monitoring Voluntary Action Groups (VAGs) that monitors, reports and takes action against corruption at the community level. They have led to an increase in the number of corruption cases reported at the community level.|
|Judicial Service Commission (JSC) sets up anti-corruption courts||Read here|
|The Zimbabwe Republic Police launch anti-graft unit||Read here|
Zimbabwe in the Media
|Article||Read the article|
|The role of state institutions in electoral corruption||Read|
|ZACC chairman, commissioners resign||Read|