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Signature and Ratification of the SADC Protocol against Corruption (SPAC) by SADC Member States

The Protocol is one of the flagship instruments of the SADCfor preventing and combating corruption in the region. The SPAC was signed by 14 SADC Heads of State and Government in Malawi on 14 August 2001. The current status is as shown below:

Country Heads of State and Government Date of
signing
Date of Ratification,
Acceptance (A),
Approval (AA),
Accession (a),
Succession (d)
Angola H.E. Joao Lourenço 14 August 2001 17 July 2005
Botswana H.E. Mr. Mokgweetsi Eric Keabetswe Masisi 14 August 2001 14 August 2001
Comoros
DRC H.E. Felix Antoine Tshisekedi Tshilombo 14 August 2001 19 May 2008
Lesotho His Royal Highness King Letsie III 14 August 2001 29 July 2003
Madagascar H. E. RAJAONARIMAMPIANINA Hery Martial No In an e-mail to ACT-SA dated 23 May 2017, the SADCNational Contact Point under the Directorate of Regional Integration in the
Ministry of Foreign affairs in Anosy, Antananarivo Madagascar claimed that they ratified it in 2007
Malawi His Excellency Prof. Arthur Peter Mutharika 14 August 2001 2 September 2002
Mauritius AmeenahGurib-Fakim, GCSK, CSK, PhD 14 August 2001 4 January 2002
Mozambique H.E. Filipe Nyusi 14 August 2001 28 December 2007
Namibia H.E. Dr. Hage Geingob 14 August 2001 23 June 2005
Seychelles H.E.Danny Faure 14 August 2001 No
South Africa H.E. Cyril Ramaphosa 14 August 2001 15 May 2003
Eswatini His Majesty, King MswatiIII 14 August 2001 1 August 2006
Tanzania H.E. Dr. John Pombe Joseph Magufuli 14 August 2001 20 August 2003
Zambia H.E. Edgar Lungu 14 August 2001 8 July 2003
Zimbabwe H.E. Emmerson Dambudzo Mnangagwa 14 August 2001 11 October 2004


Signature and Ratification of the AU Convention on Preventing and Combating Corruption (AUCPCC) by SADC Member States

The AUCPCC, which entered into force on 5 August 2006, was adopted by the 2nd Ordinary Session of the Assembly of the African Union (AU) in Maputo, Mozambique on 11 July 2003. According to the African Union (2010:2) as at the 6thof August 2010, the AUCPCC had been signed by 45-member states and ratified by 31 members only

As at 17 February 2018, the African Union Advisory Board on Corruption advised that thirty-nine (39) Member States had ratified and therefore, are State Parties to the Convention. These included: Algeria, Angola, Benin, Botswana, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Chad, Comoros, Congo, Côte d’Ivoire, Ethiopia, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea Bissau, Guinea Conakry, Kenya, Libya, Lesotho,Liberia, Madagascar, Mali, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, Nigeria, Niger, Rwanda, Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic, Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, South Africa, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Zambia and Zimbabwe. The following are not State Parties to the AUCPCC: Democratic Republic of Congo; Mauritius; and Eswatini.

The current status of SADC Member states is shown below:

Country Heads of State and Government Date of
signing
Date of Ratification,
Acceptance (A),
Approval (AA),
Accession (a),
Succession (d)
Angola H.E. Joao Lourenço 22 January 2007 20/12/2017
Botswana H.E. Mr. Mokgweetsi Eric Keabetswe Masisi No 14/05/2014
Comoros
DRC H.E. Felix Antoine Tshisekedi Tshilombo 5 December 2003 No
Lesotho His Royal Highness King Letsie III 27 February 2004 26 October 2004
Madagascar H. E. RAJAONARIMAMPIANINA Hery Martial 28 February 2004 6 October 2004
Malawi His Excellency Prof. Arthur Peter Mutharika No 26 November 2007
Mauritius AmeenahGurib-Fakim, GCSK, CSK, PhD 6 July 2004 No
Mozambique H.E. Filipe Nyusi 15 December 2003 2 August 2006
Namibia H.E. Dr. Hage Geingob 9 December 2003 5 August 2004
Seychelles H.E.Danny Faure No 1 June 2008
South Africa H.E. Cyril Ramaphosa 16 March 2004 11 November 2005
Eswatini His Majesty, King MswatiIII 7 December 2004 No
Tanzania H.E. Dr. John Pombe Joseph Magufuli 5 November 2003 22 February 2005
Zambia H.E. Edgar Lungu 03 August 2005 30 March 2007
Zimbabwe H.E. Emmerson Dambudzo Mnangagwa 18 November 2003 17 December 2006


Signature and Ratification of the UN Convention against Corruption (UNCAC) by SADC Member States

According to the United Nations Office on Drug and Crime (2018), all the SADC Member States ratified the UNCAC on the dates reflected below. However, Botswana and DRC chose to ratify before signing.

Country Heads of State and Government Date of
signing
Date of Ratification,
Acceptance (A),
Approval (AA),
Accession (a),
Succession (d)
Angola H.E. Joao Lourenço 10 December 2003 29 August 2006
Botswana H.E. Mr. Mokgweetsi Eric Keabetswe Masisi No 27 June 2011
Comoros
DRC H.E. Felix Antoine Tshisekedi Tshilombo No 23 September 2010
Lesotho His Royal Highness King Letsie III 16 September 2005 16 September 2005
Madagascar H. E. RAJAONARIMAMPIANINA Hery Martial 10 December 2003 22 September 2004
Malawi His Excellency Prof. Arthur Peter Mutharika 21 September 2004 4 December 2007
Mauritius AmeenahGurib-Fakim, GCSK, CSK, PhD 9 December 2003 15 December 2004
Mozambique H.E. Filipe Nyusi 25 May 2004 9 April 2008
Namibia H.E. Dr. Hage Geingob 9 December 2003 3 August 2004
Seychelles H.E.Danny Faure 27 February 2004 16 March 2006
South Africa H.E. Cyril Ramaphosa 9 December 2003 22 November 2004
Eswatini His Majesty, King MswatiIII 15 September 2005 24 September 2012
Tanzania H.E. Dr. John Pombe Joseph Magufuli 9 December 2003 25 May 2005
Zambia H.E. Edgar Lungu 11 December 2003 7 December 200
Zimbabwe H.E. Emmerson Dambudzo Mnangagwa 20 February 2004 8 March 2007