Terms of Reference

Terms of Reference


It has been noted with great concern that there is no single country in Southern Africa, particularly, the SADC Member States, that is free from corruption. Corruption takes many forms and is prevalent at all levels.

The 2018 State of Corruption in Southern Africa report by the Anti-Corruption Trust of Southern Africa (ACT-SA) gives painful evidence of the acts of corruption and millions of tax payers money lost due to these acts. Indeed, corruption is a threat to peace, development, democracy, rule of law, and security to name but a few.

The economic transformation of Africa has succumbed to corruption, including illicit financial flows. Estimates by the AU and the ECA in the 2016 Report of the High Level Panel on Illicit Financial Flows from Africa shows that, illicit financial flows in Africa over the past 50 years exceeds $1 trillion, an amount nearly matching the total ODA received by Africa over the same period.

Additionally, approximately $50 billion is lost from Africa annually through illicit financial flows instead of augmenting domestic resource mobilization and investment. In response to the costly effects of corruption, the UN adopted the United Nations Convention against Corruption At a regional level, the AU enacted the African Union Convention on Preventing and Combating Corruption, set up the AU Advisory Board on Corruption, and enacted the African Charter on Democracy, Elections and Governance to name but a few.

At sub-regional level, SADC introduced the SADC Protocol against Corruption as a way of preventing, identifying, penalizing and stamping out corruption. At national level, nearly all Southern African Member States have established bodies, institutions and legislatures meant to eliminate corruption. Despite these concerted efforts, corruption in Southern Africa has continued unabatedly.

Corruption is worsened by the leaders who do not walk the talk, leadership that it corrupt, impunity against corruption, limited opportunities to share anti-corruption good practices and limited technical support to governments to domesticate anti-corruption treaties that they signed and ratified.

That said, this initiative has been made to complement existing efforts towards eradicating corruption to stimulate socio-economic development in Southern Africa.

  • Against all this are the following challenges;
  • Lack of a regional anti-corruption forum;
  • Limited or no solidarity on critical anti-corruption issues;
  • Weak interaction between and among NGOs in Southern Africa on anti-corruption issues;
  • Limited avenues on the exchange anti-corruption good practices;

In keeping with the above, ACT-SA embarked on an initiative to bring together NGOs from SADC Member States to begin a process of learning from each and hence these Terms and Conditions. These Terms and Conditions define the proposed activities of identified CSOs working in the SADC Member States.

  1. To act as the ACT-SA focal points in the respective SADC Member States;
  2. To share anti-corruption good practices and lessons learnt from their respective countries with ACT-SA and other CSOs;
  3. To compile national reports on the state of corruption in the respective member states;
  4. To implement anti-corruption programmes and projects supported by partners
  5. To produce shadow reports on the state of corruption and the respective countries’ commitment to fight corruption in the most effective, efficient and sustainable manner;
  6. To support the implementation of the ACT-SA Strategic Plan in the respective countries;
  7. To review the extent of domestication and/or enforcement of anti-corruption treaties such as the UNCAC signed and ratified by the respective member states;
  8. To act in solidarity with other CSOs on certain critical issues obtaining in their respective countries;
  9. To support regional anti-corruption advocacy efforts;
  10. To lobby for the revival of the SADC Tribunal with an additional mandate to preside over corruption cases or alternatively lobby for the establishment of a Regional Anti-Corruption Court and national anti-corruption courts in the respective countries;
  11. To support efforts towards the recovery of externalized resources
  12. To organize and implement joint anti-corruption actives in Southern Africa.
  13. To provide anti-corruption laws, policies, reports and court judgments from the respective SADC Member states for the online anti-corruption resource centre
  14. To support the compilation of a regional blacklist of individuals and entities convicted of corruption;
  15. To execute any other activities that ACT-SA and the respective CSOs shall decide.

About the Anti-Corruption Trust of Southern Africa

The Anti-Corruption Trust of Southern Africa (ACT-SA) is a regional anti-corruption lobby group that campaigns against corruption in both the private and private sectors in Southern Africa. It was registered to contribute to the eradication of corruption in the SADC Member States.

How to join the Network

CSOs from Angola, Botswana, Comoros, DRC, Eswatini, Lesotho, Madagascar, Malawi, Mauritius, Mozambique, Namibia, Seychelles, South Africa, Tanzania, Zambia and Zimbabwe interested in the initiative should complete the attached questionnaire and return it by e-mail to:

The Regional Director, 
Anti-Corruption Trust of Southern Africa (ACT-SA),
Number 16, 2ndAvenue, Kwekwe, Zimbabwe.
E-mail director@anticorruptiontrust.org
Tel: +263 (55) 2525235